||GCSE History > Treaty of Versailles - Effect on Germany
The following list outlines how Germany was affected and how they felt regarding the treaty:
The treaty was also criticised by the "big three":
- The German people were horrified - the fact that they had to accept blame for starting the war lead to the huge reparation bill.
- Germany lost 10% of land, 12.5% population, all overseas colonies, and many raw materials.
- At first Germany refused to sign and sunk ships in protest.
- Economy was in a mess so reparations would cripple people.
- Army was a symbol of pride - it was felt to be unfair that no one else was disarmed.
- Lost money as a result of loss of territories.
- Insulted that it wasn't invited to join the League of Nations.
- Germany felt that it wasn't in keeping with Wilson's 14 Points - self determination.
- Germany fell behind on reparations in 1922.
- 1923 - French and Belgium troops took what was owed.
- German government ordered strike but French killed 100 workers.
- No goods so government printed more money which led to hyperinflation.
- Clemenceau - thought action not harsh enough.
- Wilson - was disappointed as well as the USA not actually approving the treaty.
- Lloyd George - received a hero's welcome back to the UK but said it would lead to another war.