The general formula for alkanes is as follows:
CnH2n+2 (where "n" is a constant)
The first ten members of the homologous series of the alkanes are:
Alkanes consist of strong covalent bonds therefore they are, on the whole, quite un-reactive. They do not react with acids, alkalis, and oxidising agents. Their most important reaction is that of combustion.
The main chemical reactions that alkanes undergo are:
- Substitution with halogens
- Catalytic Cracking